The Battle of Quebec


It all started in September 1775 when Canada was invaded by the American forces. This was America ís first major offensive operation initially led by Major General Philip Schuyler but then later it was turned over to Brigadier General Richard Montgomery when the former fell ill. September 16, on the same year, with 1,700 military men, they have advanced up Lake Champlain. Three days after, they have arrived at Fort Jean. He laid siege and forced the garrison to surrender on November 3. Pressing on, the Americans occupied Montreal without a fight on November 28.

To the east, the second American expedition fought its way north through the Maine wilderness. Organized by Colonel Benedict Arnold, along with 1,100 men proceeded from Massachusetts to the mouth of the Kennebec River but later encountered hardships and had difficulty reading their maps. Starvation set in leaving 600 men who reached the St. Lawrence. As they approached Quebec, it was too late for Arnold to take the city.

As much as Arnold wanted to proceed, he was forced to wait for reinforcements, withdrawing to Pointe aux Trembles.  On December 2, Montgomery came to the rescue along with 300 men and united with Arnold. The two then planned to attack the city. Within its walls, the Governor General of Canada, Sir Guy Carleton, prepared his troops of 1,800. He did his best to defend his city. He knew what Montgomery and Arnold were planning.  Carleton erected a series of barricades so these Americans would not have room to invade the city.

Little did they know, Montgomery and Arnold were planning to come at them from two directions. Montgomery was to attack from the west, moving along the St. Lawrence waterfront, while Arnold was to advance from the north, marching along the St. Charles River . They are to reunite at the point where the rivers joined and then turn to attack the city wall.

Battle of QuebecDecember 30, they have moved out. In the middle of the night on December 31st, the American troops braved a snowstorm and began the assault. Passing Cape Diamond Bastion, Montgomery 's troops pressed into the Lower Town and defeated the first barricade of 30 defenders. The Americans were stunned when the first British soldier killed Montgomery . They not only have killed Montgomery but struck down two chief subbordinates. The British army was too strong and the Americans were forced to retreat back to Canada .

Arnold and his men continued to press on from the north. Reaching the Sault au Matelot, Arnold was wounded in the left ankle. Unable to walk, he was carried to the rear. Daniel Morgan was then in command. They have successfully defeated the first barricade and moved into the city.

Since Montgomery 's men had retreated, Morgan and his men became the focus of the British defenders. British troops counterattacked in the rear and retook the barricade before moving through the streets to surround Morgan's men. Trapped with no options remaining, Morgan and his men were forced to surrender.

Despite of the heavy snow storm and blizzard conditions, the British losses were minimal - 5 killed and 13 wounded.  The Americans had 60 killed and 426 captured in a difficult defeat.