The Battle of Bunker Hill

Bunker Hill flagThe Battle of Bunker Hill was the first largest engagement of the American Revolution. In Charlestown, Massachusetts, which is now a part of Boston, on June 17, 1775. One of the biggest issues in the Battle of Bunker Hill was the possession of Breed's Hill and Bunker Hill adjoining heights in Boston Harbor.

During the night of June 16, 1775, approximately 1200 American troops that were being led by Colonel William Prescott over-took Breed's Hill. This was part of a plan to compel to the British so that they might evacuate Boston. Unfortunately just after daybreak on June 17th, Thomas Gage the British commander in chief was making preparations for an attack on the Americans.

Some of the Naval units were within the range of Breed's Hill of being fired upon. 2200 soldiers that were under the command of William Howe, and one of the British generals were commanded from Boston. In the meantime about 300 volunteers that included General Joseph Warren joined in with the American forces.

The British solider where very equipped with naval guns. The began to launch their initial assaults towards the Americans that where on the Breed's Hill around 3 pm. The American troops let the British get within range of the earthworks and then began to open fire. With several loss, the British began to retreated back down to the base of Breed's Hill. The British commander in chief Gage ordered the troops to take action for the second time leading to a similar repulse. So during a third attach the British assaulted the Americans, since they had used all their ammunition they where then forced to withdraw. Leading to the British soldiers attacking and capturing both hills.

The Battle of Bunker Hill calmed a total of about 400 Americans that where killed, wounded, or taken by the British as prisoners. While all this chaos had arose, Charlestown caught on fire by all the British shells, causing it to burn to the ground. The British troops lost approximately 1000 soldiers that were either killed or wounded, and most of them were officers.